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Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Post-Bali fever

Bali progress on forests and tech transfers despite EU-US row

With the UN Climate Change Conference in Bali set to wind up amidst outrage over US-led opposition to binding emissions cuts, delegates have agreed to include efforts to curb deforestation and to promote clean technology transfers to developing countries in the Bali 'roadmap'.

Efforts to mitigate the loss of tropical forests, particularly in the Amazon basin, parts of Africa and South-East Asia, will feature in the climate change negotiation roadmap to be finalised in Bali today (14 December).

Deforestation accounted for 20% of global CO2 emissions in the 1990s, according to UN figures, and the ability of tropical and other forests to sequester CO2 is considered crucial for mitigating climate change.

But while the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows developing countries to implement afforestation and reforestation projects, progress has so far been limited, and substantive talks on reducing CO2 emissions from deforestation began only two years ago following the UN Climate Change Conference in Montreal (COP 11).

Bali paves the way for an expansion of the system. While details of the plans remain subject to negotiations, developing countries will be able to benefit from a so-called Reduced Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries (REDD) scheme, whereby certified preserved forest areas can be traded as carbon offset credits to developed countries, according to 11 December statements by Indonesia's foreign minister Hassan Wirajuda.

The efforts will receive a boost from the World Bank, which in October announced a new $300 million forest preservation fund as well as a $200 million pilot programme that features carbon credits granted in exchange for the prevention of deforestation.

Meanwhile, developing countries will also benefit from a new clean technology transfer mechanism (EurActiv 13/12/07).source

My comment: So, if I understand it correctly, developing countries may trade their credits (which suppose preserved forests which they don't have) to developed countries. Which basically says-developed countries will emit more and pay to developing to stay developing. Nice...

Bali paves way for two years of tough negotiations

The UN climate talks in Bali wrapped up on 15 December, producing a two-year negotiation 'roadmap' to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. New climate change adaptation funds, anti-deforestation mechanisms and technology transfers are seen as Bali's main achievements.

Binding commitments or targets to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as advocated by the EU, were rejected by the US and other countries.

The text of the roadmap states that the parties will agree to "measurable, reportable and verifiable nationally appropriate mitigation commitments or actions, including quantified emission limitation and reduction objectives, by all developed country parties, while ensuring the comparability of efforts among them, taking into account differences in their national circumstances".

Developing countries are to adopt "nationally appropriate mitigation actions".


My comment: Check out the source-site to see details on the history of the fight for the Climate as well as some opinions on it. I'm speechless on the result of Bali. Check out here for the review of Avaaz (eco-organization) of the outcome of the event, check the already mentioned source-site at EuroAktiv and compare. It seems to me that the only positive outcome is the common joy of everyone involved. Just like in Bulgarian elections everyone wins. Always! Just the people loose.

Climate change and deforestation 'a vicious cycle', says WWF

Climate change and deforestation of the Amazon forest reinforce each other as global warming leads to forests being damaged by drought, reducing their capacity to absorb greenhouse gases and releasing billions of tons of extra C02 to the atmosphere, warns a WWF report.

"The point of no return may be closer than we think," warns a WWF reportPdf external about the changes underway in the world's largest tropical forest in the Amazon. It argues that the changes "could lead to extensive conversion and degradation of the Amazon forests over the next 15-25 years".

Furthermore, it states that if rainfall declines 10% in the future, as predicted by climate change scientists, "then an additional 4% of the forests will be damaged by drought". This is why the report refers to the Amazon and climate relationship as "a vicious cycle of climate change and deforestationexternal ".

It argues that the growing world demand for soybeans, biofuel and meat are speeding up deforestation in the Amazon as farmers and ranchers convert their forest reserves to agriculture and pasture in a drive for increased profitability.

However, "there is still time to lower the risk of widespread Amazon forest degradation and the acceleration of global warming that it would stimulate,"

These include, in particular, protecting the forest from fire. If protected from fire, the rainfall functions of primary forests will stabilise within 15 years and "each year of fire-free recovery that goes by, the flammability of the forest declines and the amount of rain cloud forming vapour that is pumped into the atmosphere increases." source

My comment: Well, at least one outcome from Bali has any positive side for the Planet.

Low-carbon technologies in the post-Bali period

Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)

Firms' reduction commitments that give carbon a value will be 'critical' in any post-2012 climate change agreement in order to create a framework where innovation for climate change technologies flourishes, the authors of a December CEPS paper suggest.

In their opinion, such a framework offers the "best prospect of a competitive edge, technological leadership, export markets and employment opportunities".

The CEPS analysis outlines three fronts on which technology plays "a fundamental role in advancing efforts to address climate change":

  • Accelerating the deployment of existing low-carbon technologies;
  • developing and deploying new breakthrough technologies for the longer term (beyond 2030), which requires stepping up the speed and scale of innovation; and;
  • avoiding, at the same time, locking-in high-carbon technologies in developing countries.

"Domestic responses will remain the backbone of technology policy for addressing climate change", the authors say, adding, however, that there is also a need for separate and cooperative, technology-specific research, development and deployment at a global level.

Additional technology activities are needed to increase the scale of development, remove barriers, and develop financial and policy responses for key climate change technologies.source

My comment: As I already stated, technology and innovations are critical for any realistic reduction of our emission. We really have to change our perspective and search for the solution not in the brute power and new fancy ways of using oil and gas, but in brand new greener technologies!

1 comment:

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